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Alcoholism, a silent evil

Many of us have heard about alcoholism, possibly we know of a close case, but do you really know what it is and what its consequences are? Alcoholism is a chronic public health disease. Characterized by the excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages that affect. The different areas of the life of a person and their close group (family, friends, colleagues…) generate deterioration in their physical health and mental.

After excessive alcohol consumption, the person can generate tolerance; that is when an individual frequently consumes alcohol or another substance. So they will need higher doses of alcohol each time to achieve the desired effects.

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It can also cause physiological and psychological dependence (deterioration in consumption control. Characterized by anxiety and intense desire to consume). This can be accompanied by withdrawal syndrome. This means that when a person reduces or stops alcohol consumption. They experience anxiety, present difficulties in falling asleep and staying asleep, present irritability, and have gastrointestinal discomfort.

According to the research Risk factors for alcohol consumption in adolescent students. The risk factors can be seen from different dimensions:

At the individual level

Consequences of alcoholism

low self-esteem, genetic predisposition, sensation seeking and intense emotions, aggressiveness, behavioral problems, academic failure, difficulty managing emotions, difficulty making decisions, and lack of assertiveness, among others.

At the family level

having alcoholic parents, permissive parenting practices against alcohol consumption, lax discipline, negative communication patterns, parenting problems, lack of skills to face difficult situations, lack of care, overprotection, unclear values, ​​or nonexistent, among others.

At the school level

High rates of substance abuse, and low moral levels of teachers and students. Lack of sense of belonging to institutions, school failure and discrimination, and little information on the problem of consumption.

At the labor level

on the one hand, labor conflicts, job instability, a highly competitive environment, consumption within the workplace… and on the other, peer pressure, tolerance to the consumption of certain substances, and accessibility to certain substances.

Signs Of Alcoholism

How do you know if you are an alcoholic? Aspects such as the person’s inability to stop using it despite the consequences it brings must be taken into account; that is, deciding not to drink more or if you do, the inability to decide when to drink, anxiety, and/or intense desire to consume.

Similarly, it is important to review other factors such as deterioration of work activity and job loss, academic desertion, financial consequences (debts or loss of property), and deterioration in family and social relationships.

Consequences of Alcoholism

The harmful use of alcohol presents as consequences a social and economic burden for society. It can also harm other people, such as family, friends, co-workers, and even strangers. It is usually related to the development of mental and behavioral disorders, leading the person to become an alcoholic.

At the family level: the family is seriously affected by the existence of a person dependent on alcohol and/or other drugs. Enormous difficulties generally arise for all members, disturbing the family environment, and causing more conflicts. Generating domestic violence (insults to the couple or aggression to children), and a more distant relationship between parents and children.

At the social level: serious problems of social coexistence are generated, increased accident rates, disturbance to neighbors, non-compliance with work and/or academic activities; the appearance of episodes of violence, and physical and psychological aggression.

On an emotional level: anxiety, depression, sleep disorders, irritability, suicidal ideation, and feelings of hopelessness, guilt, and shame, among others. (World Health Organization, 2018).

Now that you know what it is and what the consequences of alcoholism are, we invite you to take care of your health and that of your loved ones. Remember that if you need a psychologist at DoctorAkí you will find the specialist doctor you need. Here we think of you.


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